Simultaneous Effects of Exposure to Microwaves and Noise on Male Rats’ Sperm Parameters and Total Antioxidant Capacity

AUTHORS

Masoud Ghanbari 1 , Sayed Bagher Mortazavi 1 , * , Ali Khavanin 1 , Mozafar Khazaei 2

1 Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, IR Iran

2 Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ghanbari M, Mortazavi S B, Khavanin A, Khazaei M. Simultaneous Effects of Exposure to Microwaves and Noise on Male Rats’ Sperm Parameters and Total Antioxidant Capacity, Health Scope. 2013 ; 1(4):e93536. doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-8230.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Health Scope: 1 (4); e93536
Published Online: February 14, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 13, 2019
Accepted: October 03, 2012
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Abstract

Background: There is currently great concern about the possible adverse effect of microwave radiation from cell phones. In addition, noise is one of the physical pollutants of modern societies.

Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the separate and simultaneous effects of cell phone microwaves, noise, and their effects on sperm parameters and total antioxidant capacity in adult male rats.

Material and Methods: An experimental study was conducted on 28 Wistar adult male rats (200 - 250 g). Randomly selected animals were divided into four groups; control (C), microwave (M), noise (N), and noise plus microwave (NM) groups. In all groups, a sperm analysis was performed based on World Health Organization (WHO) standards and the mean of the sperms’ total antioxidant capacity was determined by a Ferric Reducing Ability of Plasma (FRAP) assay. The data were analyzed by a one way ANOVA statistical technique, followed by a Tukey’s test using SPSS (version 16) software and P < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The findings of the study demonstrated that sperm viability and motility, in the exposure to cell phone waves group (group 2) and the simultaneous exposure to cell phone waves and noise group (group 4), decreased significantly compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, the total antioxidant capacity of sperm in all exposure groups decreased significantly compared to the control group (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Exposure to cell phone waves can decrease sperm viability and motility in adult male rats. These waves can also lower rat sperms’ total antioxidant capacity which results in oxidative stress. Exposure to severe noise levels can cause a significant decrease in the total antioxidant capacity of sperm in adult male rats, resulting in oxidative stress.

Keywords

Cellular Phone Noise Oxidative Stress

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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