Health Scope

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The Role of Optimism in Predicting Tobacco Smoking and Illicit Drug Use Among High School Students in Southeast of Iran, 2018

Hossein Ansari 1 , * , Mohammad Khammarnia ORCID 2 , Hasan Okati ORCID 2 , Saeed Fakhrrahimi 3 , Neda Mahdavifar 4 , Maryam Mohammadian 4 , Ali Yousefzadeh 4 , Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi 5 , Younes Mohammadi 6 and Kourosh Tirgarfakheri 7
Authors Information
1 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, Health Promotion Research Center, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3 Research Institute of Education Office of Zahedan, Zahedan, Iran
4 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
5 Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
6 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
7 Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: May 31, 2019, 8 (2); e89282
  • Published Online: May 26, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 15, 2019
  • Revised: February 17, 2019
  • Accepted: March 7, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/jhealthscope.89282

To Cite: Ansari H, Khammarnia M, Okati H, Fakhrrahimi S , Mahdavifar N, et al. The Role of Optimism in Predicting Tobacco Smoking and Illicit Drug Use Among High School Students in Southeast of Iran, 2018, Health Scope. 2019 ; 8(2):e89282. doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope.89282.

Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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