Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

Estimation of Child Mortality Rate in Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Eastern Iran, From 1962 to 2015

Nasrin Derakhshanzadeh 1 , Manoochehr Karami 2 , Rashid Heidarimoghadam 3 and Younes Mohammadi 4 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Modelling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan , Iran
3 Research Center for Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan , Iran
4 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: August 2018, 7 (3); e83052
  • Published Online: August 13, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 6, 2017
  • Revised: March 30, 2017
  • Accepted: July 17, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/jhealthscope.83052

To Cite: Derakhshanzadeh N, Karami M, Heidarimoghadam R, Mohammadi Y. Estimation of Child Mortality Rate in Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Eastern Iran, From 1962 to 2015, Health Scope. 2018 ; 7(3):e83052. doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope.83052.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Djalalinia S, Moghaddam SS, Peykari N, Kasaeian A, Sheidaei A, Mansouri A, et al. Mortality attributable to excess body mass index in Iran: implementation of the comparative risk assessment methodology. Int J Prev Med. 2015;6:107. doi: 10.4103/2008-7802.169075. [PubMed: 26644906]. [PubMed Central: PMC4671178].
  • 2. Wang H, Bhutta ZA, Coates MM, Coggeshall M, Dandona L, Diallo K, et al. Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet. 2016;388(10053):1725-74. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31575-6.
  • 3. Kanyuka M, Ndawala J, Mleme T, Chisesa L, Makwemba M, Amouzou A, et al. Malawi and millennium development goal 4: a countdown to 2015 country case study. Lancet Glob Health. 2016;4(3):e201-14. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(15)00294-6. [PubMed: 26805586].
  • 4. Liu L, Oza S, Hogan D, Chu Y, Perin J, Zhu J, et al. Global, regional, and national causes of under-5 mortality in 2000–15: an updated systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals. Lancet. 2016;388(10063):3027-35. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31593-8.
  • 5. UNICEF; WHO; World Bank; UN-DESA Population Division. Levels and trends in child mortality: report 2015. New York: United Nations Children's Fund; 2016.
  • 6. Liu L, Oza S, Hogan D, Perin J, Rudan I, Lawn JE, et al. Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2000-13, with projections to inform post-2015 priorities: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet. 2015;385(9966):430-40. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61698-6. [PubMed: 25280870].
  • 7. Mathers C, Boerma T. Mortality measurement matters: improving data collection and estimation methods for child and adult mortality. PLoS Med. 2010;7(4). e1000265. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000265. [PubMed: 20405053]. [PubMed Central: PMC2854121].
  • 8. Khosravi A, Rao C, Naghavi M, Taylor R, Jafari N, Lopez AD. Impact of misclassification on measures of cardiovascular disease mortality in the Islamic Republic of Iran: a cross-sectional study. Bull World Health Organ. 2008;86(9):688-96. [PubMed: 18797644]. [PubMed Central: PMC2649498].
  • 9. Motlagh M, Safari R, Karami M, Khosravi A. Life expectancy at birth in rural areas based on corrected data of the Iranian vital horoscope. Iran J Public Health. 2012;41(9):18-24. [PubMed: 23193501]. [PubMed Central: PMC3494210].
  • 10. Sheidaei A, Gohari K, Kasaeian A, Rezaei N, Mansouri A, Khosravi A, et al. National and subnational patterns of cause of death in Iran 1990-2015: applied methods. Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(1):2-11. [PubMed: 28112524].
  • 11. Hill K, Choi Y, Timaeus I. Unconventional approaches to mortality estimation. Demogr Res. 2005;13:281-300. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2005.13.12.
  • 12. Rajaratnam JK, Tran LN, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Measuring under-five mortality: validation of new low-cost methods. PLoS Med. 2010;7(4). e1000253. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000253. [PubMed: 20405055]. [PubMed Central: PMC2854123].
  • 13. Sabermahani A, Barouni M, Seyedin H, Aryankhesal A. Provincial human development index, a guide for efficiency level analysis: the case of iran. Iran J Public Health. 2013;42(2):149-57. [PubMed: 23515434]. [PubMed Central: PMC3595646].
  • 14. Biranvandzadeh M, Sorkhkamal K. Assessment of development level of sistan and baluchistan province compared to other Iran’s provinces. Int J Archit Urban Dev. 2015;5(1):69-76.
  • 15. Bazrafshan E, Mostafapoor FK. Survey of medical waste characterization and management in Iran: a case study of Sistan and Baluchestan Province. Waste Manag Res. 2011;29(4):442-50. doi: 10.1177/0734242X10374901. [PubMed: 20601404].
  • 16. Guillot M. Tools for Demographic Estimation. Popul Stud. 2015;69(2):259-60. doi: 10.1080/00324728.2015.1052239.
  • 17. Mehdipour P, Navidi I, Parsaeian M, Mohammadi Y, Moradi Lakeh M, Rezaei Darzi E, et al. Application of Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) in estimating under-five mortality levels and trends in Iran 1990 - 2013, study protocol. Arch Iran Med. 2014;17(3):189-92. [PubMed: 24621362].
  • 18. Mohammadi Y, Parsaeian M, Farzadfar F, Kasaeian A, Mehdipour P, Sheidaei A, et al. Levels and trends of child and adult mortality rates in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1990-2013; protocol of the NASBOD study. Arch Iran Med. 2014;17(3):176-81. [PubMed: 24621360].
  • 19. Parsaeian M, Farzadfar F, Zeraati H, Mahmoudi M, Rahimighazikalayeh G, Navidi I, et al. Application of spatio-temporal model to estimate burden of diseases, injuries and risk factors in Iran 1990 - 2013. Arch Iran Med. 2014;17(1):28-33. [PubMed: 24444062].
  • 20. Cleveland WS, Loader C. Smoothing by local regression: Principles and methods. In: Härdle W, Schimek MG, editors. Statistical theory and computational aspects of smoothing: Proceedings of the COMPSTAT 94 Satellite Meeting held in Semmering, Austria, 27–28 August 1994. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 1996. p. 10-49.
  • 21. Stan Development Team. RStan: the R interface to Stan, Version 2.10.1. 2016.
  • 22. Rashidian A, Khosravi A, Khabiri R, Khodayari-Moez E, Elahi E, Arab M, et al. Islamic Republic of Iran's Multiple Indicator Demograpphic and Healh Survey (IrMIDHS) 2010. Tehran: Ministry Health Med Educ. 2012:83-6.
  • 23. United Nations. The Millennium Development Goals report 2015. New York: United Nations; 2015.
  • 24. Moradi-Lakeh M, Esteghamati A. National Immunization Program in Iran: whys and why nots. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2013;9(1):112-4. doi: 10.4161/hv.22521. [PubMed: 23442584]. [PubMed Central: PMC3667923].
  • 25. Khosravi A, Aghamohamadi S, Kazemi E, Pour Malek F, Shariati M. Mortality profile in Iran (29 provinces) over the years 2006 to 2010. Tehran: Ministry Healt Med Educ. 2013:3-21.
  • 26. Haghdoost AA, Mostafavi E, Mirzazadeh A, Navadeh S, Feizzadeh A, Fahimfar N, et al. Modelling of HIV/AIDS in Iran up to 2014. J AIDS HIV Res. 2011;3(12). doi: 10.5897/jahr11.030.
  • 27. Uuited NationsUuited Nations. Estimation of adult Survivorship probabilities from information on Orphanhood and Widowhood. Manual X: Indirect Techniques for Demographic Estimation. New York: United Nations; 1983. p. 122-8.
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments