Changes in Malaria Indices in an Ethiopian Health Centre: A Five Year Retrospective Analysis

AUTHORS

Kaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi 2 , * , Mammo Bekele 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

2 Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India

1 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, k_karunamoorthi@yahoo.com, Ethiopia

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Health Scope: 1 (3); 118-126
Published Online: November 19, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 3, 2012
Accepted: July 13, 2012
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Abstract

Background: Malaria affects the health and wealth of individuals, as well as nations. In Ethiopia, malaria is identified as both a disease of poverty and a cause of poverty.

Objectives: A retrospective analysis was conducted to investigate the changes in malaria indices at the Serbo Health Center, Ethiopia.

Materials and Methods: Based on existing blood smear examination data. The original case records were carefully reviewed, analyzed and interpreted.

Results: Among the total of 51610 blood smear examinations, 26602 were found to be positive and contributed to 51.5% of the diagnostic yield. All of the 51610 cases were treated at the Serbo Health Center. Males constituted a total of 56.1% participants in this study (14934/26602 cases) and they were found to be more prone to having a positive malaria smear. Chi-square analysis showed a statistically significant association between male patients and the incidence of malaria (P = 0.0001; ?2 = 212.5; df = 4). Plasmodium falciparum contributes to about 62.4% of malaria cases followed by P vivax (37.3%).

Conclusions: There is an urgent need for active health education campaigns and the administration of front-line vector control interventions such as the consistent deployment of insecticide-treated bed-nets and indoor residual spraying to interrupt disease transmission and an eventual reduction in the number of malaria cases.

Keywords

Malaria Retrospective Studies Epidemics Ethiopia

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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