Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

Development and Psychometric Properties of the Family Support Questionnaire for Adherence to Low Fat Diet in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease

Hassan Okati-Aliabad 1 , Shahrzad Sarabandi 2 , * , Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam 1 , Farzaneh Montazerifar 3 and Hassan Askari 3
Authors Information
1 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2 MSc Student of Health Education, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
3 Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: February 2018, 7 (1); e68261
  • Published Online: February 28, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 21, 2016
  • Revised: December 21, 2016
  • Accepted: December 31, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/jhealthscope.68261

To Cite: Okati-Aliabad H, Sarabandi S, Ansari-Moghaddam A, Montazerifar F, Askari H. Development and Psychometric Properties of the Family Support Questionnaire for Adherence to Low Fat Diet in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease, Health Scope. 2018 ; 7(1):e68261. doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope.68261.

Copyright © 2018, Journal of Health Scope. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. G. B. D. Mortality , Causes of Death C. Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015;385(9963):117-71. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2. [PubMed: 25530442].
  • 2. Balady GJ, Williams MA, Ades PA, Bittner V, Comoss P, Foody JM, et al. Core components of cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs: 2007 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention Committee, the Council on Clinical Cardiology; the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Epidemiology and Prevention, and Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. Circulation. 2007;115(20):2675-82. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.180945. [PubMed: 17513578].
  • 3. Hooper L, Martin N, Abdelhamid A, Davey Smith G. Reduction in saturated fat intake for cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(6). CD011737. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011737. [PubMed: 26068959].
  • 4. Bovbjerg VE, McCann BS, Brief DJ, Follette WC, Retzlaff BM, Dowdy AA, et al. Spouse support and long-term adherence to lipid-lowering diets. Am J Epidemiol. 1995;141(5):451-60. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a117447. [PubMed: 7879789].
  • 5. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health behavior and health education: theory, research, and practice:. John Wiley & Sons; 2008.
  • 6. Kelsey K, Earp JA, Kirkley BG. Is social support beneficial for dietary change? A review of the literature. Fam Community Health. 1997;20(3):70-82. doi: 10.1097/00003727-199710000-00008.
  • 7. Boutin-Foster C. Getting to the heart of social support: a qualitative analysis of the types of instrumental support that are most helpful in motivating cardiac risk factor modification. Heart Lung. 2005;34(1):22-9. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2004.09.002. [PubMed: 15647731].
  • 8. Gallant MP. The influence of social support on chronic illness self-management: a review and directions for research. Health Educ Behav. 2003;30(2):170-95. doi: 10.1177/1090198102251030. [PubMed: 12693522].
  • 9. Aggarwal B, Liao M, Allegrante JP, Mosca L. Low social support level is associated with non-adherence to diet at 1 year in the Family Intervention Trial for Heart Health (FIT Heart). J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010;42(6):380-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2009.08.006. [PubMed: 20696617].
  • 10. Anderson ES, Winett RA, Wojcik JR. Self-regulation, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and social support: social cognitive theory and nutrition behavior. Ann Behav Med. 2007;34(3):304-12. doi: 10.1080/08836610701677659. [PubMed: 18020940].
  • 11. Chair SY, Wong KB, Tang JY, Wang Q, Cheng HY. Social support as a predictor of diet and exercise self-efficacy in patients with coronary artery disease. Contemp Nurse. 2015;51(2-3):188-99. doi: 10.1080/10376178.2016.1171726. [PubMed: 27030520].
  • 12. Scholz U, Ochsner S, Hornung R, Knoll N. Does social support really help to eat a low-fat diet? Main effects and gender differences of received social support within the Health Action Process Approach. Appl Psychol Health Well Being. 2013;5(2):270-90. doi: 10.1111/aphw.12010. [PubMed: 23625820].
  • 13. Heitman LK. The influence of social support on cardiovascular health in families. Fam Community Health. 2006;29(2):131-42. doi: 10.1097/00003727-200604000-00008. [PubMed: 16552290].
  • 14. Luszczynska A, Cieslak R. Mediated effects of social support for healthy nutrition: fruit and vegetable intake across 8 months after myocardial infarction. Behav Med. 2009;35(1):30-8. doi: 10.3200/BMED.35.1.30-38. [PubMed: 19297302].
  • 15. Crookes DM, Shelton RC, Tehranifar P, Aycinena C, Gaffney AO, Koch P, et al. Social networks and social support for healthy eating among Latina breast cancer survivors: implications for social and behavioral interventions. J Cancer Surviv. 2016;10(2):291-301. doi: 10.1007/s11764-015-0475-6. [PubMed: 26202538].
  • 16. Franks MM, Stephens MA, Rook KS, Franklin BA, Keteyian SJ, Artinian NT. Spouses' provision of health-related support and control to patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation. J Fam Psychol. 2006;20(2):311-8. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.20.2.311. [PubMed: 16756407].
  • 17. Sayers SL, Riegel B, Pawlowski S, Coyne JC, Samaha FF. Social support and self-care of patients with heart failure. Ann Behav Med. 2008;35(1):70-9. doi: 10.1007/s12160-007-9003-x. [PubMed: 18347906].
  • 18. Sher TG, Bellg AJ, Braun L, Domas A, Rosenson R, Canar WJ. Partners for Life: a theoretical approach to developing an intervention for cardiac risk reduction. Health Educ Res. 2002;17(5):597-605. doi: 10.1093/her/17.5.597. [PubMed: 12408204].
  • 19. Sallis JF, Grossman RM, Pinski RB, Patterson TL, Nader PR. The development of scales to measure social support for diet and exercise behaviors. Prev Med. 1987;16(6):825-36. doi: 10.1016/0091-7435(87)90022-3. [PubMed: 3432232].
  • 20. Di Noia J, Thompson D, Woods L. A new measure of dietary social support among African American adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2013;37(3):299-309. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.3.2. [PubMed: 23985176].
  • 21. Stanton CA, Green SL, Fries EA. Diet-specific social support among rural adolescents. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2007;39(4):214-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2006.10.001. [PubMed: 17606247].
  • 22. Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics. Pearson Education; 2013.
  • 23. Burns RJ, Rothman AJ, Fu SS, Lindgren B, Joseph AM. The relation between social support and smoking cessation: revisiting an established measure to improve prediction. Ann Behav Med. 2014;47(3):369-75. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9558-7. [PubMed: 24222508].
  • 24. Hammer LB, Kossek EE, Yragui NL, Bodner TE, Hanson GC. Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Measure of Family Supportive Supervisor Behaviors (FSSB). J Manage. 2009;35(4):837-56. doi: 10.1177/0149206308328510. [PubMed: 21660254].
  • 25. Morelli SA, Lee IA, Arnn ME, Zaki J. Emotional and instrumental support provision interact to predict well-being. Emotion. 2015;15(4):484-93. doi: 10.1037/emo0000084. [PubMed: 26098734].
  • 26. Cyranowski JM, Zill N, Bode R, Butt Z, Kelly MA, Pilkonis PA, et al. Assessing social support, companionship, and distress: National Institute of Health (NIH) Toolbox Adult Social Relationship Scales. Health Psychol. 2013;32(3):293-301. doi: 10.1037/a0028586. [PubMed: 23437856].
  • 27. Frohlich DO. The social support model for people with chronic health conditions: A proposal for future research. Soc Theory Health. 2014;12(2):218-34. doi: 10.1057/sth.2014.3.
  • 28. Silverio CD, Dantas RA, Carvalho AR. [Gender-specific evaluation of coronary disease patients' self-esteem and social support]. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2009;43(2):407-14. doi: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000200021. [PubMed: 19655683].
  • 29. Bucholz EM, Strait KM, Dreyer RP, Geda M, Spatz ES, Bueno H, et al. Effect of low perceived social support on health outcomes in young patients with acute myocardial infarction: results from the VIRGO (Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI Patients) study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014;3(5). e001252. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.114.001252. [PubMed: 25271209].
  • 30. Sorensen EA, Wang F. Social support, depression, functional status, and gender differences in older adults undergoing first-time coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Heart Lung. 2009;38(4):306-17. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2008.10.009. [PubMed: 19577702].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments