Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar
Corrected Proof scheduled for 7 (1)

Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment in Two Gas Refinery Units

Alireza Askarian 1 , Mohammad Javad Jafari 2 , 3 , * , Leila Omidi 4 , Mohammad Reza Miri Lavasani 5 , Lobat Taghavi 6 and Alireza Ashori 7
Authors Information
1 PhD Student, Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Center for Research on Environmental and Occupational Hazardous Agents Control, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 PhD Student, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Department of HSE Management, Graduate School of the Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, Iran
6 Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
7 South Pars Gas Complex, Bushehr, Iran
Article information

To Cite: Askarian A, Jafari M J, Omidi L, Miri Lavasani M R, Taghavi L, et al. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment in Two Gas Refinery Units, Health Scope. Online ahead of Print ;In Press(In Press):e68252. doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope.68252.

Abstract
Copyright: Copyright © 2018, Journal of Health Scope. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Jafari MJ, Askarian AR, Omidi L, Lavasani MRM, Taghavi L, Ashori AR. The assessment of independent layers of protection in gas sweetening towers of two gas refineries [In Persian]. J Saf Promot Inj Prev. 2014;2(2):103-12.
  • 2. Berg AR. Applicability of layer of protection analysis to determine safety integrity levels in the process industry. Norwegian University of Science and Technology; 2007.
  • 3. Ouazraoui N, Nait-Said R, Bourareche M, Sellami I. Layers of protection analysis using possibility theory. Int J Intell Syst Appl. 2013;1:16-29.
  • 4. Jafari MJ, Gharari M, Ghafari M, Omidi L, Kalantari S, Fardi GRA. The influence of safety training on safety climate factors in a construction site. Int J Occup Hyg. 2014;6(2):81-7.
  • 5. Crowl DA L. Layer of protection analysis: simplified process risk assessment. Center for Chemical Process Safety of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers; 2001.
  • 6. Summers AE. Introduction to layers of protection analysis. J Hazard Mater. 2003;104(1-3):163-8. doi: 10.1016/S0304-3894(03)00242-5. [PubMed: 14602407].
  • 7. Gowland R. The accidental risk assessment methodology for industries (ARAMIS)/layer of protection analysis (LOPA) methodology: a step forward towards convergent practices in risk assessment?. J Hazard Mater. 2006;130(3):307-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.07.007. [PubMed: 16139426].
  • 8. Dowell Iii AM. Layer of protection analysis for determining safety integrity level. ISA Trans. 1998;37(3):155-65. doi: 10.1016/s0019-0578(98)00018-4.
  • 9. IEC 61508 standard, Functional Safety of Electrical/Electronic/Programmable Electronic Safety-related Systems. Geneva; 1998.International Electrotechnical Commission.
  • 10. IEC 61511 standard, Functional safety – Safety instrumented systems for the process industry sector. Parts 1-3. Switzerland; 2003.International Electrotechnical Commission.
  • 11. Pasman H, Rogers W. Bayesian networks make LOPA more effective, QRA more transparent and flexible, and thus safety more definable!. J Loss Prev Process Ind. 2013;26(3):434-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jlp.2012.07.016.
  • 12. Yun GW, Rogers WJ, Mannan MS. Risk assessment of LNG importation terminals using the Bayesian–LOPA methodology. J Loss Prev Process Ind. 2009;22(1):91-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jlp.2008.10.001.
  • 13. Jafari MJ, Lajevardi SS, Fam IM. Semi quantitative risk assessment of a hydrogen production unit. Int J Occup Hyg. 2013;5(3):101-8.
  • 14. Ellis GR, Wharton M. Practical experience in determining safety integrity levels for safety instrumented systems, Institution of chemical engineers symposium series, 2006. Institution of Chemical Engineers; 1999.
  • 15. Ferdous R, Khan F, Sadiq R, Amyotte P, Veitch B. Handling data uncertainties in event tree analysis. Process Saf Environ Prot. 2009;87(5):283-92. doi: 10.1016/j.psep.2009.07.003.
  • 16. Jo YD, Ahn BJ. A method of quantitative risk assessment for transmission pipeline carrying natural gas. J Hazard Mater. 2005;123(1-3):1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.01.034. [PubMed: 15913887].
  • 17. Srinivasan R, Venkatasubramanian V. Automating HAZOP analysis of batch chemical plants. Comput Chem Eng. 1998;22(9):1345-55. doi: 10.1016/s0098-1354(98)00018-0.
  • 18. Nolan D. Application of HAZOP and What-If safety reviews to the petroleum, petrochemical and chemical industries. Noyes Data Corporation/Noyes Publications; 1994.
  • 19. Kangavari M, Salimi S, Nourian R, Askarian A. An application of failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) to assess risks in petrochemical industry in Iran. Iran J Health Saf Environ. 2015;2(2):257-63.
  • 20. Beckman L. Determining the required safety integrity level for your process. ISA Trans. 1998;37(2):105-11. doi: 10.1016/s0019-0578(98)00011-1.
  • 21. Stauffer T. Making the most of alarms as a layer of protection. Safety Control Systems Conference-IDC Technologies. 2010.
  • 22. Hong ES, Lee IM, Shin HS, Nam SW, Kong JS. Quantitative risk evaluation based on event tree analysis technique: Application to the design of shield TBM. Tunnel Underground Space Technol. 2009;24(3):269-77. doi: 10.1016/j.tust.2008.09.004.
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader