Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

Ergonomic Risk Assessment of Distal Upper Extremities by Job Strain Index in Carpet Weavers

Hassan Mohammadpour 1 , Mahdi Jalali 2 , Seyyed Ali Moussavi-Najarkola 3 , * , Sajjad Farhadi 4 , Mahdi Kangavari 5 and Ayoub Ghanbari Sartang 5
Authors Information
1 Department of Occupational Hygiene Engineering, Collage of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBUMS), Tehran, IR Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, IR Iran
3 Occupational and Environmental Health Research Center (OEHRC), Iranian Petroleum Industry Health Research Institute (IPIHRI), Petroleum Industry Health Organization (PIHO), Tehran, IR Iran
4 Department of Occupational Hygiene Engineering, Student Research Committee, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
5 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: February 2018, 7 (1); e64182
  • Published Online: February 28, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 2, 2016
  • Revised: October 16, 2016
  • Accepted: November 10, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/jhealthscope.64182

To Cite: Mohammadpour H, Jalali M, Moussavi-Najarkola S A, Farhadi S, Kangavari M, et al. Ergonomic Risk Assessment of Distal Upper Extremities by Job Strain Index in Carpet Weavers, Health Scope. 2018 ; 7(1):e64182. doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope.64182.

Copyright © 2017, Journal of Health Scope. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Jahangiri M, Moussavi Najarkola SA, Gholami T, Mohammadpour H, Jahangiri A, Hesam G, et al. Ergonomics Intervention to Reduce Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in a Lead Mine. Health Scope. 2015;4(4). doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-29507.
  • 2. Brooks PM. The burden of musculoskeletal disease--a global perspective. Clin Rheumatol. 2006;25(6):778-81. doi: 10.1007/s10067-006-0240-3. [PubMed: 16609823].
  • 3. Piedrahita H. Costs of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in developing countries: Colombia case. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2006;12(4):379-86. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2006.11076696. [PubMed: 17156613].
  • 4. Jalali M. The risk assessment of related factors of hand activities in automotive industry. Iran Occup Health. 2012;9(2):18-26.
  • 5. World Health Organization. WHO global plan of action on workers' health (2008-2017):Baseline for implementation. Geneva-Italia: WHO Press; 2013. p. 62-3.
  • 6. David GC. Ergonomic methods for assessing exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Occup Med (Lond). 2005;55(3):190-9. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqi082. [PubMed: 15857898].
  • 7. Marras WS, Karwowski W. Interventions, Controls, and Applications in Occupational Ergonomics. Crc Press; 2006.
  • 8. Marras WS, Karwowski W. Fundamentals and assessment tools for occupational ergonomics. CRC Press; 2006.
  • 9. Najarkola SA. Assessment of risk factors of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (UEMSDS) by OCRA method in repetitive tasks. Iran J Public Health. 2006;35(1):68-74.
  • 10. Negahban AR, Jalali M, Meshkani M, Rahimpoor R. Evaluation of Risk Factors in Musculoskeletal Disorders by HAL-TLV, SI and OCRA Methods and Comparison with other Methods. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci. 2015;13(9):749-64.
  • 11. Jones GT, Mertens K, Macfarlane GJ, Palmer KT, Coggon D, Walker-Bone K, et al. Maintained physical activity and physiotherapy in the management of distal upper limb pain - a protocol for a randomised controlled trial (the arm pain trial). BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2014;15:71. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-15-71. [PubMed: 24612447].
  • 12. Drinkaus P, Bloswick DS, Sesek R, Mann C, Bernard T. Job level risk assessment using task level strain index scores: a pilot study. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2005;11(2):141-52. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2005.11076643. [PubMed: 15938764].
  • 13. Seth V, Lee Weston R, Freivalds A. Development of a cumulative trauma disorder risk assessment model for the upper extremities. Int J Indust Ergon. 1999;23(4):281-91. doi: 10.1016/s0169-8141(98)00045-6.
  • 14. Kheni NA, Dainty ARJ, Gibb A. Health and safety management in developing countries: a study of construction SMEs in Ghana. Construct Manag Econ. 2008;26(11):1159-69. doi: 10.1080/01446190802459916.
  • 15. Reverente BR. Occupational health services for small-scale industries. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1992. p. 62-88.
  • 16. Choobineh A, Hosseini M, Lahmi M, Khani Jazani R, Shahnavaz H. Musculoskeletal problems in Iranian hand-woven carpet industry: guidelines for workstation design. Appl Ergon. 2007;38(5):617-24. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2006.06.005. [PubMed: 16999930].
  • 17. Choobineh A, Lahmi M, Shahnavaz H, Jazani RK, Hosseini M. Musculoskeletal symptoms as related to ergonomic factors in Iranian hand-woven carpet industry and general guidelines for workstation design. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2004;10(2):157-68. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2004.11076604. [PubMed: 15182472].
  • 18. Choobineh A, Shahnavaz H, Lahmi M. Major health risk factors in Iranian hand-woven carpet industry. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2004;10(1):65-78. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2004.11076596. [PubMed: 15028195].
  • 19. Hanafi Bajd M, Ezatyan R, Tavassolyan H, Seyf Aghayi F. Health of carpet weaving. Tehran: Environment and occupational Health Center; 2011.
  • 20. Motamedzade M, Choobineh A, Mououdi MA, Arghami S. Ergonomic design of carpet weaving hand tools. Int J Indust Ergon. 2007;37(7):581-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2007.03.005.
  • 21. Sain MK, Meena ML. Occupational health and ergonomic intervention in Indian small scale industries: a review. Int J Recent Adv Mechanical Engin. 2016;5(1):13-24.
  • 22. Motamedzade M, Moghimbeigi A. Musculoskeletal disorders among female carpet weavers in Iran. Ergonomics. 2012;55(2):229-36. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2011.582539. [PubMed: 21846289].
  • 23. Stanton NA. Hierarchical task analysis: developments, applications, and extensions. Appl Ergon. 2006;37(1):55-79. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2005.06.003. [PubMed: 16139236].
  • 24. Kuorinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sorensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Appl Ergon. 1987;18(3):233-7. [PubMed: 15676628].
  • 25. Moore JS, Gordon V. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods. The Strain Index. In: Stanton N, Hedge A, Brookhuis K, Salas E, Hendrick H, editors. Boka Raton: CRC Press; 2004.
  • 26. Moore JS, Garg A. The Strain Index: a proposed method to analyze jobs for risk of distal upper extremity disorders. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1995;56(5):443-58. doi: 10.1080/15428119591016863. [PubMed: 7754975].
  • 27. Fouladi B, Ebrahimy L, Saraji GN. A survey on ergonomic stress factors of musculoskeletal system in Iranian carpet restoration workers. Tehran Univ Med J. 2007;65(A00101s1):25-32.
  • 28. Barr AE, Barbe MF, Clark BD. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the hand and wrist: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and sensorimotor changes. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2004;34(10):610-27. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2004.34.10.610. [PubMed: 15552707].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments