Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

Design and Development of an Ergonomic Chair for Students in Educational Settings

Samira Ansari 1 , Ahmad Nikpay 2 and Sakineh Varmazyar 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Student Research Committee, Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: November 2018, 7 (4); e60531
  • Published Online: October 24, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 20, 2017
  • Revised: December 26, 2017
  • Accepted: January 21, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/jhealthscope.60531

To Cite: Ansari S, Nikpay A, Varmazyar S. Design and Development of an Ergonomic Chair for Students in Educational Settings, Health Scope. 2018 ; 7(4):e60531. doi: 10.5812/jhealthscope.60531.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Odediran SJ, Gbadegesin JT, Babalola MO. Facilities management practices in the Nigerian public universities. J Facilities Manage. 2015;13(1):5-26. doi: 10.1108/JFM-11-2013-0058.
  • 2. Zarei F, Rajaei B, Nikpey A, Varmazyar S, Safari-Variani A. Review the proportion of university seats with body dimensions of students at the school of public health of Qazvin university of medical sciences in 1388. Iran Occupational Health. 2011;8(3).
  • 3. Uline C, Tschannen-Moran M. The walls speak: The interplay of quality facilities, school climate, and student achievement. J Educ Admin. 2008;46(1):55-73. doi: 10.1108/09578230810849817.
  • 4. Temple P. Learning spaces in higher education: An under-researched topic. Lond Rev Educ. 2008;6(3):229-41. doi: 10.1080/14748460802489363.
  • 5. Abdullahi I, Yusoff WZW, Gwamna E. A review of physical and non-physical facilities performance on student satisfaction in Northern Nigerian Universities. Soc Sci. 2017;12(4):600-8.
  • 6. Han H, Kiatkawsin K, Kim W, Hong JH. Physical classroom environment and student satisfaction with courses. Assess Eval High Edu. 2018;43(1):110-25. doi: 10.1080/02602938.2017.1299855.
  • 7. Oluwunmi AO, Ajibola M, Iroham C, Eluyele P. [Students' satisfaction with major academic facilities in private universities in Ogun State, Nigeria]. Covenant J Bus Soc Sci. 2017;8(1):43-59. Persian.
  • 8. Thariq MM, Munasinghe H, Abeysekara J. Designing chairs with mounted desktop for university students: Ergonomics and comfort. Int J Ind Ergonom. 2010;40(1):8-18. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2009.10.003.
  • 9. Taifa IW, Desai DA. Anthropometric measurements for ergonomic design of students’ furniture in India. Eng SciTech Int J. 2017;20(1):232-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jestch.2016.08.004.
  • 10. Musa A. Anthropometric evaluations and assessment of school furniture design in Nigeria: A case study of secondary schools in rural area of Odeda, Nigeria. Int J Ind Eng Comp. 2011;2(3):499-508. doi: 10.5267/j.ijiec.2011.03.006.
  • 11. Agha SR, Alnahhal MJ. Neural network and multiple linear regression to predict school children dimensions for ergonomic school furniture design. Appl Ergon. 2012;43(6):979-84. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2012.01.007. [PubMed: 22365329].
  • 12. Abdoli Eramaki M. [Ergonomics]. Ergonomics. Tehran: Omid Majd Publisher; 1994. p. 275-305. Persian.
  • 13. Dianat I, Karimi MA, Asl Hashemi A, Bahrampour S. Classroom furniture and anthropometric characteristics of Iranian high school students: Proposed dimensions based on anthropometric data. Appl Ergon. 2013;44(1):101-8. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2012.05.004. [PubMed: 22695080].
  • 14. Choobineh A. [Principles of educational furniture design]. Newsl Iran Erg Soc. 2004;16:3-12. Persian.
  • 15. Huang YD, Wang S, Wang T, He LH. Effects of backrest density on lumbar load and comfort during seated work. Chin Med J. 2012;125(19):3505-8. [PubMed: 23044314].
  • 16. Kashif M, Bhattacharya A, Banerjee D. Design of adjustable desks and chairs for university classrooms suitable for students of Jadavpur University, India. Ergon Rural Dev. 2015:238-43.
  • 17. Abedi M. An evaluation of combined effect's of backrest inclination and whole body vibration on vehicle driver's reaction time and workload [master's thesis]. 2011.
  • 18. Sepehri S, Habibi AH, Shakerian S. The relationship between ergonomic chair and musculoskeletal disorders in north of Khuzestan’s students. Eur J Exp Biol. 2013;3(4):181-7.
  • 19. Holm S, Nachemson A. Variations in the nutrition of the canine intervertebral disc induced by motion. Spine. 1983;8(8):866-74. doi: 10.1097/00007632-198311000-00009. [PubMed: 6670021].
  • 20. Panagiotopoulou G, Christoulas K, Papanckolaou A, Mandroukas K. Classroom furniture dimensions and anthropometric measures in primary school. Appl Ergon. 2004;35(2):121-8. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2003.11.002.
  • 21. Bendix T. Adjustment of the seated workplace with special reference to heights and inclinations of seat and table. Dan Med Bull. 1987;34(3):125-39. [PubMed: 2954773].
  • 22. Oyewole SA, Haight JM, Freivalds A. The ergonomic design of classroom furniture/computer work station for first graders in the elementary school. Int J Ind Ergon. 2010;40(4):437-47. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2010.02.002.
  • 23. Jung HS. A prototype of an adjustable table and an adjustable chair for schools. Int J Ind Ergon. 2005;35(10):955-69. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2005.04.007.
  • 24. Habibi E, Hoseini M, Asaad Z. [Match between school furniture dimensions and children's anthropometry in Isfahan schools]. Iran Occup Health J. 2009;6(2):51-61. Persian.
  • 25. Hosseini MH, Khodadadi M, Hoshiar H, Noorbakhsh AH. [The effect of different classroom chairs on the prevalence of musculoskeletal problems and the rate of students’ satisfaction]. J Health Dev. 2015;4(3):209-2018. Persian.
  • 26. Gouvali MK, Boudolos K. Match between school furniture dimensions and children's anthropometry. Appl Ergon. 2006;37(6):765-73. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2005.11.009. [PubMed: 16442494].
  • 27. Shiru JJ, Abubakar S. Anthropometry in engineering design (a case study of cassava grating machines installed in Doko and Kutigi metropolis of Lavun local government areas of Niger state). Niger Acad Forum. 2012;22(1):132-9.
  • 28. Dawal SZ, Zadry HR, Azmi SN, Rohim SR, Sartika SJ. Anthropometric database for the learning environment of high school and university students. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2012;18(4):461-72. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2012.11076953. [PubMed: 23294660].
  • 29. Helander MG, Czaja SJ, Drury CG, Cary JM, Burri G. An ergonomic evaluation of office chairs. Office Tech People. 1987;3(3):247-63. doi: 10.1108/eb022651.
  • 30. Adu G, Adu S, Effah B, Frimpong-Mensah K, Darkwa NA. Office furniture design–correlation of worker and chair dimensions. Int J Sci Res (IJSR). 2014;3(3):709-15.
  • 31. Salunke P, Kallurkar S, Nemade . Identifying anthropometric parameters considered for the improvement in ergonomic design of classroom furniture. Int J Ind Eng Res Dev(IJIERD). 2015;6(1):1-13.
  • 32. Mokdad M, Al-Ansari M. Anthropometrics for the design of Bahraini school furniture. Int JInd Ergon. 2009;39(5):728-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2009.02.006.
  • 33. Choobineh A, Soleimani E, Daneshmandi H, Mohamadbeigi A, Izadi K. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and posture analysis using RULA method in Shiraz general dentists in 2010. J Islam Dent Assoc Iran. 2012;24(4):310-7.
  • 34. Seifi S, Eftekharian S, Sarrafan N, Gholinia H. Ergonomic evaluation of frequency and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorder of specialist dentists of Babol dentistry faculty. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2016;27(4):330-5.
  • 35. Mirzaei R, Najarkola SAM, Khanoki BA, Ansari H. Comparative assessment of upper limbs musculoskeletal disorders by rapid upper limb assessment among computer users of Zahedan universities. Health Scope. 2014;3(4). doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-15226.
  • 36. Moussavi-Najarkola SA, Mirzaei R. Assessment of musculoskeletal loads of electric factory workers by rapid entire body assessment. Health Scope. 2012;1(2):71-9. doi: 10.5812/jhs.6654.
  • 37. Tunay M, Melemez K. An analysis of biomechanical and anthropometric parameters on classroom furniture design. Afr J Biotech. 2008;7(8):1081-6.
  • 38. Bayatkashkoli A, Nazerian M. [Determination of proper college student chair dimension and comparison with the prevalent model]. Iran J Wood Pap Sci Res. 2012;26:772-84. Persian.
  • 39. Falahati M, Zokaei M, Sadeghi Naeini H, Moradi GR. [Determination of variables and anthropometric indicators for classroom chair design (Study group: Tehran University Medicine Science–2011)]. Iran Occup Health. 2013;10(2):99-108. Persian.
  • 40. Khanam CN, Reddy MV, Mrunalini A. Designing student’s seating furniture for classroom environment. J Hum Ecol. 2006;20(4):241-8. doi: 10.1080/09709274.2006.11905935.
  • 41. Sadeghzad P. Study students body dimensions with exist chair dimension in the health faculty of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. Edrak J Student Res Committee. 2007;5:42-6.
  • 42. Heidarimoghadam R, Golmohammadi R, Roshanaei G, Zare R. [Assessing the match between female primary students’ anthropometric dimensions and furniture dimensions in Hamadan schools in 2013]. Health Saf Work. 2015;5(1):47-56. Persian.
  • 43. Grimes P, Legg S. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in school students as a risk factor for adult MSD: A review of the multiple factors affecting posture, comfort and health in classroom environments. J Hum Environment System. 2004;7(1):1-9. doi: 10.1618/jhes.7.1.
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments