Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

Management of Non-Revenue Water in Distribution Network and Conveyor Lines; a Case Study

Hosein Kamani 1 , 3 , Mohammad Malakootian 2 , Mohammad Hoseini 3 , * and Jalil Jaafari 3
Authors Information
1 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
2 Environmental Health Research Center and Environmental Health Engineering Department, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: November 23, 2012, 1 (3); 147-152
  • Published Online: November 20, 2012
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 7, 2012
  • Revised: August 23, 2012
  • Accepted: August 26, 2012
  • DOI: 10.5812/jhs.7631

To Cite: Kamani H, Malakootian M, Hoseini M, Jaafari J. Management of Non-Revenue Water in Distribution Network and Conveyor Lines; a Case Study, Health Scope. 2012 ;1(3):147-152. doi: 10.5812/jhs.7631.

Abstract
Copyright: Copyright © 0, Journal of Health Scope. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Hofkes H. Small Community Water Supplies: Technology of Small Water Supply Systems in Developing Countries. 1984;
  • 2. Knight CG, Velev SB, Staneva MP. The emerging water crisis in Bulgaria. GeoJournal. 1995; 35(4): 415-23[DOI]
  • 3. Frauendorfer R, Liemberger R. The Issues and Challenges of Reducing Non-Revenue Water. 2010;
  • 4. Paykary M, Mehrabani A. [Water Treatment Fundamental]. 2005;
  • 5.
  • 6. Beare S, Bell R, Fisher B. Determining the Value of Water: The Role of Risk, Infrastructure Constraints, and Ownership. Amer J Agr Econ. 1998; 80: 916-40[DOI]
  • 7. Shamir U, Howard C. Editorial. J of Water Res Pla and Manage. 2000; 126(3): 114-17[DOI]
  • 8. Lambert A, Hirner W. Losses from water supply system: Standard Terminology and recommended performance measures. Voda i sanitarna tehnika. 2002; 32(1): 29-38
  • 9. McKenzie R, Seago C. Assessment of real losses in potable water distribution systems: some recent developments. 2005;
  • 10. Water Losses in the Distribution of Drinking and Service Water in Industry. 8th International Conference on Water. 2004;
  • 11. Lambert A. Accounting for Losses: The Bursts and Background Concept. Water and Environment Journal. 1994; 8(2): 205-14[DOI]
  • 12. Islam MS, Sadiq R, Rodriguez MJ, Francisque A, Najjaran H, Hoorfar M. Leakage detection and location in water distribution systems using a fuzzy-based methodology. Urban Water J. 2011; 8(6): 351-65[DOI]
  • 13. Lamber A, Brown T, Takizawa M, Weimer D. A review of performance indicators for real losses from water supply systems. Water SRT – Aqua. 1999; 48: 227-37
  • 14. Alegre H, Hirner JM, Baptista JM, Parena R, International Water A Iwa. Performance indicators for water supply services. 2000;
  • 15. González-Gómez F, García-Rubio MA, Guardiola J. Why Is Non-revenue Water So High in So Many Cities? INT J WATER RESOUR D. 2011; 27(2): 345-60[DOI]
  • 16. Almandoz J, Cabrera E, Arregui F, Cobacho R. Leakage Assessment through Water Distribution Network Simulation. INT J WATER RESOUR D. 2005; 131(6): 458-66
  • 17. Farley M, Trow S. Losses in water distribution networks: a practitioner’s guide to Assessment Monitoring and control. Water science and Technology: Water Supply. 2003;
  • 18. Mckenzie RS, Lambert A, Kock JE. 2002;
  • 19. Leakage Control - the Neglected Solution? 20th WEDC Conference Affordable water supply and sanitation. 1994;
  • 20. Lavee D. The effect of water supply uncertainty on farmers' choice of crop portfolio. Agri Water Manage. 2010; 97(11): 1847-54[DOI]
  • 21. Seago C, Bhagwan J, McKenzie R. Benchmarking leakage from water reticulation systems in South Africa. Water SA Association of Crop Science, Uganda. 2007;
  • 22. Yeboah P. Management of non-revenue water: a case study of the water supply in Accra, [dissertation]. 2008;
  • 23. Mutikanga HE, Sharma SK, Vairavamoorthy K. Assessment of apparent losses in urban water systems. Water Environ J. 2011; 25(3): 327-35[DOI]
  • 24. F. VdL. The water encyclopedia. J Chemic Edu. 1991; 68(2)
  • 25. Trung DQ, Snow R, Doukas L, Tanh N, Trung N. 1998; [PubMed]
  • 26. Radivojevic D, Milicevic D, Petrovic N. I-WA best practice and performance indicators for water utilities in Serbia – Case Study PIROT. Arch Civil Eng. 2008; 6(1): 37-50[DOI]
  • 27. Walski T, Bezts W, Posluszny E. Modeling leakage reduction through pressure control. AWWA. 2006; 98: 147-55
  • 28. Farley M, Liemberger R. Developing a non-revenue water reduction strategy, planning and implementing the strategy. Water Suppl J. 2005; 5(1): 41-50
  • 29. Orhan A, Eyduran E, Ozdem T. The method of leakage policy development. J Appl Sci Res. 2006; 2(4): 239-41
  • 30. R. R-J. 2003;
  • 31. Michelsen AM, McGuckin JT, stumpf d. nonprice water conservation programs as a demand management tool1. jawra Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 1999; 35(3): 593-602[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader