Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

The Single Item Burnout Measure is a Psychometrically Sound Screening Tool for Occupational Burnout

Vibeke Hansen 1 , * and Sabrina Pit 2
Authors Information
1 University Centre for Rural Health, The University of Sydney, Lismore, Australia
2 University Centre for Rural Health, The University OF Sydney, Western Sydney University, Lismore, Australia
Article information
  • Health Scope: May 01, 2016, 5 (2); e32164
  • Published Online: January 3, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 6, 2015
  • Revised: October 12, 2015
  • Accepted: November 7, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/jhealthscope-32164

To Cite: Hansen V, Pit S. The Single Item Burnout Measure is a Psychometrically Sound Screening Tool for Occupational Burnout, Health Scope. 2016 ; 5(2):e32164. doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-32164.

Copyright © 2016, Health Promotion Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Orton P, Orton C, Pereira Gray D. Depersonalised doctors: a cross-sectional study of 564 doctors, 760 consultations and 1876 patient reports in UK general practice. BMJ Open. 2012; 2[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Soler JK, Yaman H, Esteva M, Dobbs F, Asenova RS, Katic M, et al. Burnout in European family doctors: the EGPRN study. Fam Pract. 2008; 25(4): 245-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Maslach C. Burnout, the cost of caring. 1982;
  • 4. Pines O, Yoon HJ, Inouye M. Expression of double-stranded-RNA-specific RNase III of Escherichia coli is lethal to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Bacteriol. 1988; 170(7): 2989-93[PubMed]
  • 5. Shirom A. International review of industrial and organizational psychology. 1989; : 25-48
  • 6. Koeske GF. Construct validity of the maslach burnout inventory: A critical review and reconceptualization. J Appl Behav Sci. 1989; 25(2): 131-44[DOI]
  • 7. Kristensen TS, Borritz M, Villadsen E, Christensen KB. The copenhagen burnout inventory: A new tool for the assessment of burnout. WORK STRESS. 2005; 19(3): 192-207[DOI]
  • 8. Ilhan MN, Durukan E, Taner E, Maral I, Bumin MA. Burnout and its correlates among nursing staff: questionnaire survey. J Adv Nurs. 2008; 61(1): 100-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Shanafelt TD, Balch CM, Bechamps G, Russell T, Dyrbye L, Satele D, et al. Burnout and medical errors among American surgeons. Ann Surg. 2010; 251(6): 995-1000[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. West CP, Dyrbye LN, Satele DV, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD. Concurrent validity of single-item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization in burnout assessment. J Gen Intern Med. 2012; 27(11): 1445-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Williams ES, Konrad TR, Scheckler WE, Pathman DE, Linzer M, McMurray JE, et al. Understanding physicians' intentions to withdraw from practice: the role of job satisfaction, job stress, mental and physical health. 2001. Health Care Manage Rev. 2010; 35(2): 105-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. 1992;
  • 13. Maslach C, Jackson SE. Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual. 1986;
  • 14. West CP, Dyrbye LN, Sloan JA, Shanafelt TD. Single item measures of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization are useful for assessing burnout in medical professionals. J Gen Intern Med. 2009; 24(12): 1318-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Hansen V, Girgis A. Can a single question effectively screen for burnout in Australian cancer care workers? BMC Health Serv Res. 2010; 10: 341[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Rohland BM, Kruse GR, Rohrer JE. Validation of a single-item measure of burnout against the Maslach Burnout Inventory among physicians. Stress Health. 2004; 20(2): 75-9[DOI]
  • 17. Pick D, Leiter MP. Nurses' perceptions of burnout: a comparison of self-reports and standardized measures. Can J Nurs Res. 1991; 23(3): 33-48[PubMed]
  • 18. Leiter MP, Maslach C. The impact of interpersonal environment on burnout and organizational commitment. J Organ Behav. 1988; 9(4): 297-308[DOI]
  • 19. Lee RT, Ashforth BE. A meta-analytic examination of the correlates of the three dimensions of job burnout. J Appl Psychol. 1996; 81(2): 123-33[PubMed]
  • 20. Taris TW, Le Blanc PM, Schaufeli WB, Schreurs PJG. Are there causal relationships between the dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory? A review and two longitudinal tests. Work Stress. 2005; 19(3): 238-55[DOI]
  • 21. Rafferty JP, Lemkau JP, Purdy RR, Rudisill JR. Validity of the Maslach burnout inventory for family practice physicians. J Clin Psychol. 1986; 42(3): 488-92[DOI]
  • 22. Schmoldt RA, Freeborn DK, Klevit HD. Physician burnout: recommendations for HMO managers. HMO Pract/HMO Group. 1994; 8(2): 58-63
  • 23. Dolan ED, Mohr D, Lempa M, Joos S, Fihn SD, Nelson KM, et al. Using a single item to measure burnout in primary care staff: a psychometric evaluation. J Gen Intern Med. 2015; 30(5): 582-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Kessler RC, Andrews G, Colpe LJ, Hiripi E, Mroczek DK, Normand SL, et al. Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychol Med. 2002; 32(6): 959-76[PubMed]
  • 25. DeSalvo KB, Fisher WP, Tran K, Bloser N, Merrill W, Peabody J. Assessing measurement properties of two single-item general health measures. Qual Life Res. 2006; 15(2): 191-201[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. DeSalvo KB, Bloser N, Reynolds K, He J, Muntner P. Mortality prediction with a single general self-rated health question. A meta-analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2006; 21(3): 267-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Idler EL, Angel RJ. Self-rated health and mortality in the NHANES-I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Am J Public Health. 1990; 80(4): 446-52[DOI]
  • 28. Altman DG. Practical statistics for medical research. 1991;
  • 29. Pit SW, Vo T, Pyakurel S. The effectiveness of recruitment strategies on general practitioner's survey response rates - a systematic review. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014; 14: 76[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Bonevski B, Magin P, Horton G, Foster M, Girgis A. Response rates in GP surveys - trialling two recruitment strategies. Aust Fam Physician. 2011; 40(6): 427-30[PubMed]
  • 31. Brett TD, Arnold-Reed DE, Hince DA, Wood IK, Moorhead RG. Retirement intentions of general practitioners aged 45-65 years. Med J Aust. 2009; 191(2): 75-7[PubMed]
  • 32. Crouch S, Robinson P, Pitts M. A comparison of general practitioner response rates to electronic and postal surveys in the setting of the National STI Prevention Program. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2011; 35(2): 187-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Medical workforce 2011. National health workforce.
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments