Health Scope

Published by: Kowsar

Determination of Aflatoxin in the Imported Rice in Zahedan, South-East of Iran, 2011

Mansour Karajibani 1 , * , Azita Merkazee 2 and Farzaneh Montazerifar 3
Authors Information
1 Zahedan Health Promotion Research Center, Nutrition Department, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, IR Iran
2 Deputy Office of Drug and Food, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
3 Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Article information
  • Health Scope: November 10, 2013, 2 (3); 125-129
  • Published Online: November 3, 2013
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 14, 2013
  • Revised: July 1, 2013
  • Accepted: July 6, 2013
  • DOI: 10.17795/jhealthscope-10736

To Cite: Karajibani M, Merkazee A, Montazerifar F. Determination of Aflatoxin in the Imported Rice in Zahedan, South-East of Iran, 2011, Health Scope. 2013 ; 2(3):125-129. doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-10736.

Copyright © 2013, Health Promotion Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Material and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Paster N, Menasherov M, Ravid U, Juven B. Antifungal activity of oregano and thyme essential oils applied as fumigants against fungi attacking stored grain. J Food Prot. 1995; 58(1): 81-5
  • 2. Mendez-Albores A, Arambula-Villa G, Loarca-Pina MG, Castano-Tostado E, Moreno-Martinez E. Safety and efficacy evaluation of aqueous citric acid to degrade B-aflatoxins in maize. Food Chem Toxicol. 2005; 43(2): 233-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Safara M, Zaini F, Hashemi S, Mahmoudi M, Khosravi A, Shojai-Aliabadi F. Aflatoxin Detoxification in Rice using Citric Acid. Iran J Public Health. 2010; 39(2): 24-9[PubMed]
  • 4. Han Z, Zheng Y, Luan L, Cai Z, Ren Y, Wu Y. An ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, G2, M1 and M2 in traditional Chinese medicines. Anal Chim Acta. 2010; 664(2): 165-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Mori T, Matsumura M, Yamada K, Irie S, Oshimi K, Suda K, et al. Systemic aspergillosis caused by an aflatoxin-producing strain of Aspergillus flavus. Med Mycol. 1998; 36(2): 107-12[PubMed]
  • 6. Faraji H, Tabatabei YF, Kafilzadeh F, Nasiri Mohallat M. Investigation of Total Aflatoxins in Consumed Rice at Mashhad City in the Summer and Winter. J Food Sci Tech. 2010; 2(5): 11-16
  • 7. Mohammadi M, Mohebbi GH, Hajeb P, Akbarzadeh S, Shojaee I. Aflatoxins in rice imported to Bushehr, a southern port of Iran. Am-Eurasian J Toxicol Sci. 2012; 4: 31-5
  • 8. Reddy K, Reddy CS, Abbas HK, Abel CA, Muralidharan K. Mycotoxigenic fungi, mycotoxins, and management of rice grains. Toxin Rev. 2008; 27(3-4): 287-317
  • 9. Kumar V, Basu MS, Rajendran TP. Mycotoxin research and mycoflora in some commercially important agricultural commodities. Crop Prot. 2008; 27(6): 891-905
  • 10. Liu Z, Gao J, Yu J. Aflatoxins in stored maize and rice grains in Liaoning Province, China. J Stored Prod Res. 2006; 42(4): 468-79
  • 11. van Egmond HP, Schothorst RC, Jonker MA. Regulations relating to mycotoxins in food: perspectives in a global and European context. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2007; 389(1): 147-57[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Siruguri V, Kumar PU, Raghu P, Rao MV, Sesikeran B, Toteja GS, et al. Aflatoxin contamination in stored rice variety PAU 201 collected from Punjab, India. Indian J Med Res. 2012; 136(1): 89-97[PubMed]
  • 13. Horwitz W. The scientific association dedicated to analytical excellence . Official methods of analysis of AOAC international. 2000;
  • 14. food and feed- mycotoxins - maximum tolerated level. 2001;
  • 15. Sampling of agricultural product for aflatoxins. 1998;
  • 16. Food stuffs, Determination of aflatoxins by HPLC and clean up by IAC. 2004;
  • 17. Paranagama PA, Abeysekera KH, Abeywickrama K, Nugaliyadde L. Fungicidal and anti-aflatoxigenic effects of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (lemongrass) against Aspergillus flavus Link. isolated from stored rice. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2003; 37(1): 86-90[PubMed]
  • 18. Reddy KR, Reddy CS, Muralidharan K. Detection of Aspergillus spp. and aflatoxin B1 in rice in India. Food Microbiol. 2009; 26(1): 27-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Miller JD. Fungi and mycotoxins in grain: implications for stored product research. J Stored Prod Res. 1995; 31(1): 1-16
  • 20. Cotty PJ, Jaime-Garcia R. Influences of climate on aflatoxin producing fungi and aflatoxin contamination. Int J Food Microbiol. 2007; 119(1-2): 109-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Nesci A, Rodriguez M, Etcheverry M. Control of Aspergillus growth and aflatoxin production using antioxidants at different conditions of water activity and pH. J Appl Microbiol. 2003; 95(2): 279-87[PubMed]
  • 22. Mazaheri M. Determination of aflatoxins in imported rice to Iran. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009; 47(8): 2064-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Gujral HS, Sinngh J, Sodh NS, Singh N. Effect of milling variables on the degree of milling of unparboiled and parboiled rice. Int J Food Microbiol. 2002; 5(1): 193-204
  • 24. Yang CY. Comparative studies on the detoxification of aflatoxins by sodium hypochlorite and commercial bleaches. Appl Microbiol. 1972; 24(6): 885-90[PubMed]
  • 25. McKenzie KS, Sarr AB, Mayura K, Bailey RH, Miller DR, Rogers TD, et al. Oxidative degradation and detoxification of mycotoxins using a novel source of ozone. Food Chem Toxicol. 1997; 35(8): 807-20[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments